Conjunctions connect two words or sentences together, creating better flow.


For example:

  • “I put my dirty dishes in the sink. I cleaned them. Mom will be happy.”
  • “I put my dirty dishes in the sink andcleaned them, so Mom will be happy.”


Conjunctions are broken down into the following three categories:


1. Coordinating Conjunctions join two words or phrases of equal importance.


  • for
  • and
  • nor
  • but
  • or
  • yet
  • so


For example:


  • “He does not like milk. He does not like cereal.”
  • →“He does not like milk orcereal.”


  • “She scored 100% on the last test. I only scored 80% on it.”
  • →“She scored 100% on the last test, but I only scored 80% on it.”


2. Subordinating Conjunctions join an independent clause to a dependent clause to give meaning and relevance to the main clause. Subordinating conjunctions always precede the dependent clause.


  • although
  • as
  • because
  • since
  • while
  • before
  • once
  • though
  • until
  • whether


For example:


  • “I like to play tennis.”(Independent clause) “It is fun.” (Dependent clause)
  • “I like to play tennis because it is fun.”


  • “The ground has been wet all day.”(Independent Clause) “It rained this morning.”(Dependent clause)
  • “The ground has been wet since it rained this morning.”


  • “She rang the doorbell.” (Independent clause) “I was on the phone.” (Dependent clause)
  • “She rang the doorbell while I was on the phone.”


3. Correlative Conjunctionslink two or more words of equal importance within a sentence and are used in pairs.


  • both/and
  • either/or
  • neither/nor
  • not only/but also
  • whether/or


For example:


  • Both my mom and my dad are going away this weekend.”
  • “You should either start trying or just give up.”
  • “They neither behave in class nor do they do their homework.”
  • Not only does he speak Chinese but he alsospeaks Spanish and English.”
  • “It doesn’t matter whether you win ornot, just have fun.”


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