Conditionals in English

Making conditional sentences is an everyday part of your native language, and introducing them to your English conversation can really improve your level of communication.
There are four conditionals in total and you will learn to use them gradually, obviously starting with the most basic ones – the zero and first conditional.
To have a general idea of how all the conditionals work, take a look at this overview so you can start to get an idea of what they are and when we use them.

What is a Conditional Sentence?

A conditional sentence is based on the word ‘if’. There are always two parts to a conditional sentence – one part beginning with ‘if’ to describe a possible situation, and the second part which describes the consequence. For example:

If it rains, we’ll get wet.

We can also invert the two parts of a conditional sentence so that the ‘if’ part comes second, and this is especially common in questions. For example:

What will you do if you miss the train?

How can you finish the project if you don’t have a computer?

What happens if the students don’t pass an exam?

There are four types of conditional sentences:

0 – The zero conditional

1 – The first conditional

2 – The second conditional

3 – The third conditional

It is also possible to mix the second and third conditional. Let’s look at each conditional to see how we use them.

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